Breast Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment

Breast Cancer forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk).

It occurs in both men and women, although male breast cancer is rare.

Survival Rate: 80% or above.

Symptoms

1. Nipple may turn inward or become flaky, red, or swollen.

2. Fluid may leak from the nipple.

3. Changes in the way the breast or nipple feels.

4. A lump or thickening in or near the breast, or in the underarm area.

5. The breast may change in size; the skin or the area around the nipple.

NOTE: In most cases, the breast cancer has no symptoms in early stages.So, at early stages Breast Cancer can be detected from the difference in the skin to other regions of skin of the breast.

Detection 

If you have any of these symptoms then you must consult your nearby health professional or doctor ASAP. There are some of these tests carried out

1. Physical Examination or Clinical examination by a doctor

2. An X-ray of Breast(Mammogram). This gives around 80% correct result.

3. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

4. Ultrasound Exam

5. Blood Test

6. Biopsy (removal of part of the affected region which contains healthy tissues also).

To know more tests click Here : Cancer Tests

Depending on the age group, density and location of lump, different types of detection techniques are used.

If the results are negative in different tests, then no need to worry about it. If the results are positive, then you need a lot of courage in the coming days. You are going to need a lot of emotional support as well as financial and mental support from the people around you. Truly speaking, the next few months will be the most challenging period of your life. For you, there is more than 80% survival rate. These life saving drugs will save you only when you have a belief of your own survival. So, be pessimistic. This period of life has given you a chance to think something different in your life. Also, to start a new life. Meet with your family and friends. take their help as much as possible. This will help you to be emotionally strong.

Treatment

Meet with your doctor, ask them about your chances of survival and the stages of your cancer. Your doctor need to perform some more tests to determine the stage of your cancer. If the cancer has not spread to other parts of the body then there is very good chances of your survival. These tests will be performed by your doctor in next few days.

1. Estrogen and Progesterone tests: This test determine the level of these hormone in Cancer cells. If the level of the hormone is high then cancer cells will grow rapidly. This test tells whether blocking of hormone will stop cancer growth or not.

2. Human epidermal growth factor type 2 receptor (HER2/neu) test.

You can have a combination of treatment from these treatments:-

a. Surgery

b. Radiotherapy

c. Chemotherapy

d. Hormone Therapy

e. Biological Treatments

Some other treatments which are in trial stages are

1. Cryoablation 

2. Virotherapy

Depending on these factors,doctors decide about your treatment based on the different factors. If you have any problem with the treatment types, then let your doctor know about your problem.

  • The type of breast cancer you have
  • The size of your breast tumour
  • The stage of your breast cancer
  • The grade of your cancer cells
  • Whether you have had your menopause
  • Whether your cancer cells have particular receptors
  • Your general health

Hormone Therapy

It slows or stops the growth of hormone-sensitive tumors by blocking the body’s ability to produce hormones or by interfering with hormone action. Tumors that are hormone-insensitive do not respond to hormone therapy. For example, after the menopause oestrogen is made in body fat. It can stimulate the growth of some breast cancer cells. So hormone treatments for breast cancer lower the levels of oestrogen and progesterone in the body, or block their effects. This  therapy can be done either before or after the surgery based on your requirement.

You can read more about Hormone Therapy: Link 1Link 2 .

Breast Cancer

List of some books which you want to read during these days:

Living Well Beyond Breast Cancer: A Survivor’s Guide for When Treatment Ends and the Rest of Your Life Begins (2nd edition)
Marisa and Ellen Weiss
Three Rivers Press 2010
ISBN-13: 978-0307460226

This American book discusses all the physical and emotional issues that may arise when you finish cancer treatment. It can help to put things into perspective.

Gentle Giants – Powerful story of one woman’s unconventional struggle against breast cancer
Brohn, Penny
Ebury Press 1987
ISBN 0712615083

The biography of the founder of Penny Brohn Cancer Care (formerly the Bristol Cancer Help Centre).

After getting ride of your cancer,you can also share your stories with the whole world in your own words by writing your biography through this website.

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Metastatic Breast Cancer and Cryoablation

Individuals fighting metastatic breast cancer, where the disease has progressed to other areas of the body, may finally have another weapon in their arsenal: percutaneous cryoablation. The cancer treatment could potentially be used as a last line of defense to halt individual spots of remaining metastatic disease by freezing and destroying tumors, say researchers presenting a study at the Society of International Radiology’s 37th Annual Scientific Meeting in San Francisco, Calif.

Cryoablation is a local treatment for single, small metastatic breast cancer tumors, especially in women who aren’t good surgery candidates. Guided by imaging (ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI), cryoablation inserts a special freezing probe (a type of catheter) through the skin and to the tumor to be treated. Once the tip of the probe is in the right spot inside the tumor core, pressurized argon gas is injected through the probe into the tumor, freezing and destroying the cancerous tissue. Cryoablation techniques may vary from one cancer treatment facility to another. Cryoablation is more common in cases where the breast cancer is being well controlled by systemic treatments. Cryoablation may also be called percutaneous ablation, cryosurgery or cryotherapy.

Advantage of Cryoablation over Surgery:

1. Cryoablation has little to no recovery time.

2. Cryoalblation provides a minimal rate of cancer recurrence and no major complications.

3.  For many metastatic patients, who are not candidates for surgery. cryoablation gives an opportunity to them for survival.

Experimental results:

The eight women survived for an average of about 4 years from the time metastatic breast cancer was diagnosed and an average of 2.5 years after cryoablation. Four of the women lived for more than 5 years after being diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer.

Already, Cryoablation is used in the treatment of

1. Prostate Cancer

2. Retinoblastoma (a childhood cancer that affects the retina of the eye).

3. Early-stage skin cancers (both basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas).  

4. Precancerous conditions of the cervix known as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (abnormal cell changes in the cervix that can develop into cervical cancer).

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Breast Cancer- Some Preventive Measures for Breast Cancer

1. Younger women who wait at least 15 years after their first menstrual period to give birth to their first child may reduce their risk of an aggressive form of breast cancer by up to 60 percent, according to a Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center study. The findings, by Christopher I. Li, M.D., Ph.D., a member of the Public Health Sciences Division at Fred Hutch, are published online in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.

2. Breast-feeding confers a protective effect against triple-negative disease. “Breast-feeding is emerging as a potentially strong protective factor against one of the most aggressive forms of breast Cancer.

3. A little squeeze may be all that is required to prevent malignant breast cells triggering cancer, research has shown. Laboratory experiments showed that applying physical pressure to the cells guided them back to a normal growth pattern. The study involved growing malignant breast epithelial cells within a gel injected into flexible silicone chambers. This allowed the scientists to apply compression during the first stages of cell growth, effectively squashing the cells. Over time, the squeezed malignant cells began to grow in a more normal and organised way. Once the breast tissue structure was formed the cells stopped growing, even when the compressive force was removed. The results were presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Cell Biology in San Francisco by Mr Venugopalan, a doctoral student at the University of California in Berkeley, United States.

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The Naked Truth About Breast Implants

Silicone Implants are Prone to Leakage of Cancer-Causing, Neurotoxic Agents…..Image

By Dr. Mercola

There are many millions of women who receive breast implants for a variety of reasons. Unfortunately many are simply unaware of some of the dangers associated with them.

Whether you’re a woman who has, or is considering, breast implants, or you have a loved one who is, this interview with Susan Kolb M.D., F.A.C.S., A.B.I.H.M. provides invaluable information that could drastically improve your health.Dr. Kolb is the founder of Plastikos Surgery Center and Millennium Healthcare in Atlanta, Georgia, which is one of the few holistic plastic and reconstructive surgery centers around.

She has developed treatment protocols to help women with silicone, chemical, and biotoxicity problems from breast implants, and she also authored the book “The Naked Truth About Breast Implants: From Harm to Healing,” which goes into far more detail about breast implant risks, associated illnesses, and what to do about them.

As the most common cosmetic surgery procedures, with more than 300,000 breast augmentations performed in the United States each year for both reconstructive and cosmetic reasons, this is an issue that is impacting a significant number of, largely uninformed and unsuspecting, women.